بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ وَالنَّجْمِ إِذَا هَوَى
I swear by the star when it goes down.
By the Star when it goes down,-
By the Star when it setteth,
مَا ضَلَّ صَاحِبُكُمْ وَمَا غَوَى
Your companion does not err, nor does he go astray;
Your Companion is neither astray nor being misled.
Your comrade erreth not, nor is deceived;
وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَى
Nor does he speak out of desire.
Nor does he say (aught) of (his own) Desire.
Nor doth he speak of (his own) desire.
إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَى
It is naught but revelation that is revealed,
It is no less than inspiration sent down to him:
It is naught save an inspiration that is inspired,
عَلَّمَهُ شَدِيدُ الْقُوَى
The Lord of Mighty Power has taught him,
He was taught by one Mighty in Power,
Which one of mighty powers hath taught him,
ذُو مِرَّةٍ فَاسْتَوَى
The Lord of Strength; so he attained completion,
Endued with Wisdom: for he appeared (in stately form);
One vigorous; and he grew clear to view
وَهُوَ بِالْأُفُقِ الْأَعْلَى
And he is in the highest part of the horizon.
While he was in the highest part of the horizon:
When he was on the uppermost horizon.
ثُمَّ دَنَا فَتَدَلَّى
Then he drew near, then he bowed
Then he approached and came closer,
Then he drew nigh and came down
فَكَانَ قَابَ قَوْسَيْنِ أَوْ أَدْنَى
So he was the measure of two bows or closer still.
And was at a distance of but two bow-lengths or (even) nearer;
Till he was (distant) two bows' length or even nearer,
فَأَوْحَى إِلَى عَبْدِهِ مَا أَوْحَى
And He revealed to His servant what He revealed.
So did (Allah) convey the inspiration to His Servant- (conveyed) what He (meant) to convey.
And He revealed unto His slave that which He revealed.
مَا كَذَبَ الْفُؤَادُ مَا رَأَى
The heart was not untrue in (making him see) what he saw.
The (Prophet's) (mind and) heart in no way falsified that which he saw.
The heart lied not (in seeing) what it saw.
أَفَتُمَارُونَهُ عَلَى مَا يَرَى
What! do you then dispute with him as to what he saw?
Will ye then dispute with him concerning what he saw?
Will ye then dispute with him concerning what he seeth?
وَلَقَدْ رَآهُ نَزْلَةً أُخْرَى
And certainly he saw him in another descent,
For indeed he saw him at a second descent,
And verily he saw him yet another time
عِندَ سِدْرَةِ الْمُنْتَهَى
At the farthest lote-tree;
Near the Lote-tree beyond which none may pass:
By the lote-tree of the utmost boundary,
عِندَهَا جَنَّةُ الْمَأْوَى
Near which is the garden, the place to be resorted to.
Near it is the Garden of Abode.
Nigh unto which is the Garden of Abode.
إِذْ يَغْشَى السِّدْرَةَ مَا يَغْشَى
When that which covers covered the lote-tree;
Behold, the Lote-tree was shrouded (in mystery unspeakable!)
When that which shroudeth did enshroud the lote-tree,
مَا زَاغَ الْبَصَرُ وَمَا طَغَى
The eye did not turn aside, nor did it exceed the limit.
(His) sight never swerved, nor did it go wrong!
The eye turned not aside nor yet was overbold.
لَقَدْ رَأَى مِنْ آيَاتِ رَبِّهِ الْكُبْرَى
Certainly he saw of the greatest signs of his Lord.
For truly did he see, of the Signs of his Lord, the Greatest!
Verily he saw one of the greater revelations of his Lord.
أَفَرَأَيْتُمُ اللَّاتَ وَالْعُزَّى
Have you then considered the Lat and the Uzza,
Have ye seen Lat. and 'Uzza,
Have ye thought upon Al-Lat and Al-'Uzza
وَمَنَاةَ الثَّالِثَةَ الْأُخْرَى
And Manat, the third, the last?
And another, the third (goddess), Manat?
And Manat, the third, the other?
أَلَكُمُ الذَّكَرُ وَلَهُ الْأُنثَى
What! for you the males and for Him the females!
What! for you the male sex, and for Him, the female?
Are yours the males and His the females?
تِلْكَ إِذًا قِسْمَةٌ ضِيزَى
This indeed is an unjust division!
Behold, such would be indeed a division most unfair!
That indeed were an unfair division!
إِنْ هِيَ إِلَّا أَسْمَاء سَمَّيْتُمُوهَا أَنتُمْ وَآبَاؤُكُم مَّا أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ بِهَا مِن سُلْطَانٍ إِن يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا الظَّنَّ وَمَا تَهْوَى الْأَنفُسُ وَلَقَدْ جَاءهُم مِّن رَّبِّهِمُ الْهُدَى
They are naught but names which you have named, you and your fathers; Allah has not sent for them any authority. They follow naught but conjecture and the low desires which (their) souls incline to; and certainly the guidance has come to them from their Lord.
These are nothing but names which ye have devised,- ye and your fathers,- for which Allah has sent down no authority (whatever). They follow nothing but conjecture and what their own souls desire!- Even though there has already come to them Guidance from their Lord!
They are but names which ye have named, ye and your fathers, for which Allah hath revealed no warrant. They follow but a guess and that which (they) themselves desire. And now the guidance from their Lord hath come unto them.
أَمْ لِلْإِنسَانِ مَا تَمَنَّى
Or shall man have what he wishes?
Nay, shall man have (just) anything he hankers after?
Or shall man have what he coveteth?
فَلِلَّهِ الْآخِرَةُ وَالْأُولَى
Nay! for Allah is the hereafter and the former (life).
But it is to Allah that the End and the Beginning (of all things) belong.
But unto Allah belongeth the after (life), and the former.
وَكَم مِّن مَّلَكٍ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ لَا تُغْنِي شَفَاعَتُهُمْ شَيْئًا إِلَّا مِن بَعْدِ أَن يَأْذَنَ اللَّهُ لِمَن يَشَاء وَيَرْضَى
And how many an angel is there in the heavens whose intercession does not avail at all except after Allah has given permission to whom He pleases and chooses.
How many-so-ever be the angels in the heavens, their intercession will avail nothing except after Allah has given leave for whom He pleases and that he is acceptable to Him.
And how many angels are in the heavens whose intercession availeth naught save after Allah giveth leave to whom He chooseth and accepteth.
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْآخِرَةِ لَيُسَمُّونَ الْمَلَائِكَةَ تَسْمِيَةَ الْأُنثَى
Most surely they who do not believe in the hereafter name the angels with female names.
Those who believe not in the Hereafter, name the angels with female names.
Lo! it is those who disbelieve in the Hereafter who name the angels with the names of females.
وَمَا لَهُم بِهِ مِنْ عِلْمٍ إِن يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا الظَّنَّ وَإِنَّ الظَّنَّ لَا يُغْنِي مِنَ الْحَقِّ شَيْئًا
And they have no knowledge of it; they do not follow anything but conjecture, and surely conjecture does not avail against the truth at all.
But they have no knowledge therein. They follow nothing but conjecture; and conjecture avails nothing against Truth.
And they have no knowledge thereof. They follow but a guess, and lo! a guess can never take the place of the truth.
فَأَعْرِضْ عَن مَّن تَوَلَّى عَن ذِكْرِنَا وَلَمْ يُرِدْ إِلَّا الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا
Therefore turn aside from him who turns his back upon Our reminder and does not desire anything but this world's life.
Therefore shun those who turn away from Our Message and desire nothing but the life of this world.
Then withdraw (O Muhammad) from him who fleeth from Our remembrance and desireth but the life of the world.
ذَلِكَ مَبْلَغُهُم مِّنَ الْعِلْمِ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَن ضَلَّ عَن سَبِيلِهِ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنِ اهْتَدَى
That is their goal of knowledge; surely your Lord knows best him who goes astray from His path and He knows best him who follows the right direction.
That is as far as knowledge will reach them. Verily thy Lord knoweth best those who stray from His Path, and He knoweth best those who receive guidance.
Such is their sum of knowledge. Lo! thy Lord is Best Aware of him who strayeth, and He is Best Aware of him whom goeth right.
وَلِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ لِيَجْزِيَ الَّذِينَ أَسَاؤُوا بِمَا عَمِلُوا وَيَجْزِيَ الَّذِينَ أَحْسَنُوا بِالْحُسْنَى
And Allah's is what is in the heavens and what is in the earth, that He may reward those who do evil according to what they do, and (that) He may reward those who do good with goodness.
Yea, to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth: so that He rewards those who do evil, according to their deeds, and He rewards those who do good, with what is best.
And unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, that He may reward those who do evil with that which they have done, and reward those who do good with goodness.
الَّذِينَ يَجْتَنِبُونَ كَبَائِرَ الْإِثْمِ وَالْفَوَاحِشَ إِلَّا اللَّمَمَ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ وَاسِعُ الْمَغْفِرَةِ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِكُمْ إِذْ أَنشَأَكُم مِّنَ الْأَرْضِ وَإِذْ أَنتُمْ أَجِنَّةٌ فِي بُطُونِ أُمَّهَاتِكُمْ فَلَا تُزَكُّوا أَنفُسَكُمْ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنِ اتَّقَى
Those who keep aloof from the great sins and the indecencies but the passing idea; surely your Lord is liberal in forgiving. He knows you best when He brings you forth from the earth and when you are embryos in the wombs of your mothers; therefore do not attribute purity to your souls; He knows him best who guards (against evil).
Those who avoid great sins and shameful deeds, only (falling into) small faults,- verily thy Lord is ample in forgiveness. He knows you well when He brings you out of the earth, And when ye are hidden in your mothers' wombs. Therefore justify not yourselves: He knows best who it is that guards against evil.
Those who avoid enormities of sin and abominations, save the unwilled offences - (for them) lo! thy Lord is of vast mercy. He is Best Aware of you (from the time) when He created you from the earth, and when ye were hidden in the bellies of your mothers. Therefor ascribe not purity unto yourselves. He is Best Aware of him who wardeth off (evil).
أَفَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي تَوَلَّى
Have you then seen him who turns his back?
Seest thou one who turns back,
Didst thou (O Muhammad) observe him who turned away,
وَأَعْطَى قَلِيلًا وَأَكْدَى
And gives a little and (then) withholds.
Gives a little, then hardens (his heart)?
And gave a little, then was grudging?
أَعِندَهُ عِلْمُ الْغَيْبِ فَهُوَ يَرَى
Has he the knowledge of the unseen so that he can see?
What! Has he knowledge of the Unseen so that he can see?
Hath he knowledge of the Unseen so that he seeth?
أَمْ لَمْ يُنَبَّأْ بِمَا فِي صُحُفِ مُوسَى
Or, has he not been informed of what is in the scriptures of Musa?
Nay, is he not acquainted with what is in the Books of Moses-
Or hath he not had news of what is in the books of Moses
وَإِبْرَاهِيمَ الَّذِي وَفَّى
And (of) Ibrahim who fulfilled (the commandments):
And of Abraham who fulfilled his engagements?-
And Abraham who paid his debt:
أَلَّا تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ وِزْرَ أُخْرَى
That no bearer of burden shall bear the burden of another-
Namely, that no bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another;
That no laden one shall bear another's load,
وَأَن لَّيْسَ لِلْإِنسَانِ إِلَّا مَا سَعَى
And that man shall have nothing but what he strives for-
That man can have nothing but what he strives for;
And that man hath only that for which he maketh effort,
وَأَنَّ سَعْيَهُ سَوْفَ يُرَى
And that his striving shall soon be seen-
That (the fruit of) his striving will soon come in sight:
And that his effort will be seen.
ثُمَّ يُجْزَاهُ الْجَزَاء الْأَوْفَى
Then shall he be rewarded for it with the fullest reward-
Then will he be rewarded with a reward complete;
And afterward he will be repaid for it with fullest payment;
وَأَنَّ إِلَى رَبِّكَ الْمُنتَهَى
And that to your Lord is the goal-
That to thy Lord is the final Goal;
And that thy Lord, He is the goal;
وَأَنَّهُ هُوَ أَضْحَكَ وَأَبْكَى
And that He it is Who makes (men) laugh and makes (them) weep;
That it is He Who granteth Laughter and Tears;
And that He it is who maketh laugh, and maketh weep,
وَأَنَّهُ هُوَ أَمَاتَ وَأَحْيَا
And that He it is Who causes death and gives life-
That it is He Who granteth Death and Life;
And that He it is Who giveth death and giveth life;
وَأَنَّهُ خَلَقَ الزَّوْجَيْنِ الذَّكَرَ وَالْأُنثَى
And that He created pairs, the male and the female
That He did create in pairs,- male and female,
And that He createth the two spouses, the male and the female,
مِن نُّطْفَةٍ إِذَا تُمْنَى
From the small seed when it is adapted
From a seed when lodged (in its place);
From a drop (of seed) when it is poured forth;
وَأَنَّ عَلَيْهِ النَّشْأَةَ الْأُخْرَى
And that on Him is the bringing forth a second time;
That He hath promised a Second Creation (Raising of the Dead);
And that He hath ordained the second bringing forth;
وَأَنَّهُ هُوَ أَغْنَى وَأَقْنَى
And that He it is Who enriches and gives to hold;
That it is He Who giveth wealth and satisfaction;
And that He it is Who enricheth and contenteth;
وَأَنَّهُ هُوَ رَبُّ الشِّعْرَى
And that He is the Lord of the Sirius;
That He is the Lord of Sirius (the Mighty Star);
And that He it is Who is the Lord of Sirius;
وَأَنَّهُ أَهْلَكَ عَادًا الْأُولَى
And that He did destroy the Ad of old
And that it is He Who destroyed the (powerful) ancient 'Ad (people),
And that He destroyed the former (tribe of) A'ad,
وَثَمُودَ فَمَا أَبْقَى
And Samood, so He spared not
And the Thamud nor gave them a lease of perpetual life.
And (the tribe of) Thamud He spared not;
وَقَوْمَ نُوحٍ مِّن قَبْلُ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا هُمْ أَظْلَمَ وَأَطْغَى
And the people of Nuh before; surely they were most unjust and inordinate;
And before them, the people of Noah, for that they were (all) most unjust and most insolent transgressors,
And the folk of Noah aforetime, Lo! they were more unjust and more rebellious;
And the overthrown cities did He overthrow,
And He destroyed the Overthrown Cities (of Sodom and Gomorrah).
And Al-Mu'tafikah He destroyed
فَغَشَّاهَا مَا غَشَّى
So there covered them that which covered.
So that (ruins unknown) have covered them up.
So that there covered them that which did cover.
فَبِأَيِّ آلَاء رَبِّكَ تَتَمَارَى
Which of your Lord's benefits will you then dispute about?
Then which of the gifts of thy Lord, (O man,) wilt thou dispute about?
Concerning which then, of the bounties of thy Lord, canst thou dispute?
هَذَا نَذِيرٌ مِّنَ النُّذُرِ الْأُولَى
This is a warner of the warners of old.
This is a Warner, of the (series of) Warners of old!
This is a warner of the warners of old.
The near event draws nigh.
The (Judgment) ever approaching draws nigh:
The threatened Hour is nigh.
لَيْسَ لَهَا مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ كَاشِفَةٌ
There shall be none besides Allah to remove it.
No (soul) but Allah can lay it bare.
None beside Allah can disclose it.
أَفَمِنْ هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ تَعْجَبُونَ
Do you then wonder at this announcement?
Do ye then wonder at this recital?
Marvel ye then at this statement,
وَتَضْحَكُونَ وَلَا تَبْكُونَ
And will you laugh and not weep?
And will ye laugh and not weep,-
And laugh and not weep,
While you are indulging in varieties.
Wasting your time in vanities?
While ye amuse yourselves?
فَاسْجُدُوا لِلَّهِ وَاعْبُدُوا
So make obeisance to Allah and serve (Him).
But fall ye down in prostration to Allah, and adore (Him)!
Rather prostrate yourselves before Allah and serve Him.