Adh-Dhariyat

سورة الذاريات

Sura Adh-Dhariyat

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ وَالذَّارِيَاتِ ذَرْوًا
[51:1]
I swear by the wind that scatters far and wide,
By the (Winds) that scatter broadcast;
By those that winnow with a winnowing
فَالْحَامِلَاتِ وِقْرًا
[51:2]
Then those clouds bearing the load (of minute things in space).
And those that lift and bear away heavy weights;
And those that bear the burden (of the rain)
فَالْجَارِيَاتِ يُسْرًا
[51:3]
Then those (ships) that glide easily,
And those that flow with ease and gentleness;
And those that glide with ease (upon the sea)
فَالْمُقَسِّمَاتِ أَمْرًا
[51:4]
Then those (angels who) distribute blessings by Our command;
And those that distribute and apportion by Command;-
And those who distribute (blessings) by command,
إِنَّمَا تُوعَدُونَ لَصَادِقٌ
[51:5]
What you are threatened with is most surely true,
Verily that which ye are promised is true;
Lo! that wherewith ye are threatened is indeed true,
وَإِنَّ الدِّينَ لَوَاقِعٌ
[51:6]
And the judgment must most surely come about.
And verily Judgment and Justice must indeed come to pass.
And lo! the judgment will indeed befall.
وَالسَّمَاء ذَاتِ الْحُبُكِ
[51:7]
I swear by the heaven full of ways.
By the Sky with (its) numerous Paths,
By the heaven full of paths,
إِنَّكُمْ لَفِي قَوْلٍ مُّخْتَلِفٍ
[51:8]
Most surely you are at variance with each other in what you say,
Truly ye are in a doctrine discordant,
Lo! ye, forsooth, are of various opinion (concerning the truth).
يُؤْفَكُ عَنْهُ مَنْ أُفِكَ
[51:9]
He is turned away from it who would be turned away.
Through which are deluded (away from the Truth) such as would be deluded.
He is made to turn away from it who is (himself) averse.
قُتِلَ الْخَرَّاصُونَ
[51:10]
Cursed be the liars,
Woe to the falsehood-mongers,-
Accursed be the conjecturers
الَّذِينَ هُمْ فِي غَمْرَةٍ سَاهُونَ
[51:11]
Who are in a gulf (of ignorance) neglectful;
Those who (flounder) heedless in a flood of confusion:
Who are careless in an abyss!
يَسْأَلُونَ أَيَّانَ يَوْمُ الدِّينِ
[51:12]
They ask: When is the day of judgment?
They ask, "When will be the Day of Judgment and Justice?"
They ask: When is the Day of Judgment?
يَوْمَ هُمْ عَلَى النَّارِ يُفْتَنُونَ
[51:13]
(It is) the day on which they shall be tried at the fire.
(It will be) a Day when they will be tried (and tested) over the Fire!
(It is) the day when they will be tormented at the Fire,
ذُوقُوا فِتْنَتَكُمْ هَذَا الَّذِي كُنتُم بِهِ تَسْتَعْجِلُونَ
[51:14]
Taste your persecution! this is what you would hasten on.
"Taste ye your trial! This is what ye used to ask to be hastened!"
(And it will be said unto them): Taste your torment (which ye inflicted). This is what ye sought to hasten.
إِنَّ الْمُتَّقِينَ فِي جَنَّاتٍ وَعُيُونٍ
[51:15]
Surely those who guard (against evil) shall be in gardens and fountains.
As to the Righteous, they will be in the midst of Gardens and Springs,
Lo! those who keep from evil will dwell amid gardens and watersprings,
آخِذِينَ مَا آتَاهُمْ رَبُّهُمْ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ مُحْسِنِينَ
[51:16]
Taking what their Lord gives them; surely they were before that, the doers of good.
Taking joy in the things which their Lord gives them, because, before then, they lived a good life.
Taking that which their Lord giveth them; for lo! aforetime they were doers of good;
كَانُوا قَلِيلًا مِّنَ اللَّيْلِ مَا يَهْجَعُونَ
[51:17]
They used to sleep but little in the night.
They were in the habit of sleeping but little by night,
They used to sleep but little of the night,
وَبِالْأَسْحَارِ هُمْ يَسْتَغْفِرُونَ
[51:18]
And in the morning they asked forgiveness.
And in the hour of early dawn, they (were found) praying for Forgiveness;
And ere the dawning of each day would seek forgiveness,
وَفِي أَمْوَالِهِمْ حَقٌّ لِّلسَّائِلِ وَالْمَحْرُومِ
[51:19]
And in their property was a portion due to him who begs and to him who is denied (good).
And in their wealth and possessions (was remembered) the right of the (needy,) him who asked, and him who (for some reason) was prevented (from asking).
And in their wealth the beggar and the outcast had due share.
وَفِي الْأَرْضِ آيَاتٌ لِّلْمُوقِنِينَ
[51:20]
And in the earth there are signs for those who are sure,
On the earth are signs for those of assured Faith,
And in the earth are portents for those whose faith is sure.
وَفِي أَنفُسِكُمْ أَفَلَا تُبْصِرُونَ
[51:21]
And in your own souls (too); will you not then see?
As also in your own selves: Will ye not then see?
And (also) in yourselves. Can ye then not see?
وَفِي السَّمَاء رِزْقُكُمْ وَمَا تُوعَدُونَ
[51:22]
And in the heaven is your sustenance and what you are threatened with.
And in heaven is your Sustenance, as (also) that which ye are promised.
And in the heaven is your providence and that which ye are promised;
فَوَرَبِّ السَّمَاء وَالْأَرْضِ إِنَّهُ لَحَقٌّ مِّثْلَ مَا أَنَّكُمْ تَنطِقُونَ
[51:23]
And by the Lord of the heavens and the earth! it is most surely the truth, just as you do speak.
Then, by the Lord of heaven and earth, this is the very Truth, as much as the fact that ye can speak intelligently to each other.
And by the Lord of the heavens and the earth, it is the truth, even as (it is true) that ye speak.
هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ ضَيْفِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْمُكْرَمِينَ
[51:24]
Has there come to you information about the honored guests of Ibrahim?
Has the story reached thee, of the honoured guests of Abraham?
Hath the story of Abraham's honoured guests reached thee (O Muhammad)?
إِذْ دَخَلُوا عَلَيْهِ فَقَالُوا سَلَامًا قَالَ سَلَامٌ قَوْمٌ مُّنكَرُونَ
[51:25]
When they entered upon him, they said: Peace. Peace, said he, a strange people.
Behold, they entered his presence, and said: "Peace!" He said, "Peace!" (and thought, "These seem) unusual people."
When they came in unto him and said: Peace! he answered, Peace! (and thought): Folk unknown (to me).
فَرَاغَ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ فَجَاء بِعِجْلٍ سَمِينٍ
[51:26]
Then he turned aside to his family secretly and brought a fat (roasted) calf,
Then he turned quickly to his household, brought out a fatted calf,
Then he went apart unto his housefolk so that they brought a fatted calf;
فَقَرَّبَهُ إِلَيْهِمْ قَالَ أَلَا تَأْكُلُونَ
[51:27]
So he brought it near them. He said: What! will you not eat?
And placed it before them.. he said, "Will ye not eat?"
And he set it before them, saying: Will ye not eat?
فَأَوْجَسَ مِنْهُمْ خِيفَةً قَالُوا لَا تَخَفْ وَبَشَّرُوهُ بِغُلَامٍ عَلِيمٍ
[51:28]
So he conceived in his mind a fear on account of them. They said: Fear not. And they gave him the good news of a boy possessing knowledge.
(When they did not eat), He conceived a fear of them. They said, "Fear not," and they gave him glad tidings of a son endowed with knowledge.
Then he conceived a fear of them. They said: Fear not! and gave him tidings of (the birth of) a wise son.
فَأَقْبَلَتِ امْرَأَتُهُ فِي صَرَّةٍ فَصَكَّتْ وَجْهَهَا وَقَالَتْ عَجُوزٌ عَقِيمٌ
[51:29]
Then his wife came up in great grief, and she struck her face and said: An old barren woman!
But his wife came forward (laughing) aloud: she smote her forehead and said: "A barren old woman!"
Then his wife came forward, making moan, and smote her face, and cried: A barren old woman!
قَالُوا كَذَلِكَ قَالَ رَبُّكِ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْحَكِيمُ الْعَلِيمُ
[51:30]
They said: Thus says your Lord: Surely He is the Wise, the Knowing.
They said, "Even so has thy Lord spoken: and He is full of Wisdom and Knowledge."
They said: Even so saith thy Lord. Lo! He is the Wise, the Knower.
قَالَ فَمَا خَطْبُكُمْ أَيُّهَا الْمُرْسَلُونَ
[51:31]
He said: What is your affair then, O messengers!
(Abraham) said: "And what, O ye Messengers, is your errand (now)?"
(Abraham) said: And (afterward) what is your errand, O ye sent (from Allah)?
قَالُوا إِنَّا أُرْسِلْنَا إِلَى قَوْمٍ مُّجْرِمِينَ
[51:32]
They said: Surely we are sent to a guilty people,
They said, "We have been sent to a people (deep) in sin;-
They said: Lo! we are sent unto a guilty folk,
لِنُرْسِلَ عَلَيْهِمْ حِجَارَةً مِّن طِينٍ
[51:33]
That we may send down upon them stone of clay,
"To bring on, on them, (a shower of) stones of clay (brimstone),
That we may send upon them stones of clay,
مُسَوَّمَةً عِندَ رَبِّكَ لِلْمُسْرِفِينَ
[51:34]
Sent forth from your Lord for the extravagant.
"Marked as from thy Lord for those who trespass beyond bounds."
Marked by thy Lord for (the destruction of) the wanton.
فَأَخْرَجْنَا مَن كَانَ فِيهَا مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
[51:35]
Then We brought forth such as were therein of the believers.
Then We evacuated those of the Believers who were there,
Then we brought forth such believers as were there.
فَمَا وَجَدْنَا فِيهَا غَيْرَ بَيْتٍ مِّنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ
[51:36]
But We did not find therein save a (single) house of those who submitted (the Muslims).
But We found not there any just (Muslim) persons except in one house:
But We found there but one house of those surrendered (to Allah).
وَتَرَكْنَا فِيهَا آيَةً لِّلَّذِينَ يَخَافُونَ الْعَذَابَ الْأَلِيمَ
[51:37]
And We left therein a sign for those who fear the painful punishment.
And We left there a Sign for such as fear the Grievous Penalty.
And We left behind therein a portent for those who fear a painful doom.
وَفِي مُوسَى إِذْ أَرْسَلْنَاهُ إِلَى فِرْعَوْنَ بِسُلْطَانٍ مُّبِينٍ
[51:38]
And in Musa: When We sent him to Firon with clear authority.
And in Moses (was another Sign): Behold, We sent him to Pharaoh, with authority manifest.
And in Moses (too, there is a portent) when We sent him unto Pharaoh with clear warrant,
فَتَوَلَّى بِرُكْنِهِ وَقَالَ سَاحِرٌ أَوْ مَجْنُونٌ
[51:39]
But he turned away with his forces and said: A magician or a mad man.
But (Pharaoh) turned back with his Chiefs, and said, "A sorcerer, or one possessed!"
But he withdrew (confiding) in his might, and said: A wizard or a madman.
فَأَخَذْنَاهُ وَجُنُودَهُ فَنَبَذْنَاهُمْ فِي الْيَمِّ وَهُوَ مُلِيمٌ
[51:40]
So We seized him and his hosts and hurled them into the sea and he was blamable.
So We took him and his forces, and threw them into the sea; and his was the blame.
So We seized him and his hosts and flung them in the sea, for he was reprobate.
وَفِي عَادٍ إِذْ أَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمُ الرِّيحَ الْعَقِيمَ
[51:41]
And in Ad: When We sent upon them the destructive wind.
And in the 'Ad (people) (was another Sign): Behold, We sent against them the devastating Wind:
And in (the tribe of) A'ad (there is a portent) when we sent the fatal wind against them.
مَا تَذَرُ مِن شَيْءٍ أَتَتْ عَلَيْهِ إِلَّا جَعَلَتْهُ كَالرَّمِيمِ
[51:42]
It did not leave aught on which it blew, but it made it like ashes.
It left nothing whatever that it came up against, but reduced it to ruin and rottenness.
It spared naught that it reached, but made it (all) as dust.
وَفِي ثَمُودَ إِذْ قِيلَ لَهُمْ تَمَتَّعُوا حَتَّى حِينٍ
[51:43]
And in Samood: When it was said to them: Enjoy yourselves for a while.
And in the Thamud (was another Sign): Behold, they were told, "Enjoy (your brief day) for a little while!"
And in (the tribe of) Thamud (there is a portent) when it was told them: Take your ease awhile.
فَعَتَوْا عَنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّهِمْ فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الصَّاعِقَةُ وَهُمْ يَنظُرُونَ
[51:44]
But they revolted against the commandment of their Lord, so the rumbling overtook them while they saw.
But they insolently defied the Command of their Lord: So the stunning noise (of an earthquake) seized them, even while they were looking on.
But they rebelled against their Lord's decree, and so the thunderbolt overtook them even while they gazed;
فَمَا اسْتَطَاعُوا مِن قِيَامٍ وَمَا كَانُوا مُنتَصِرِينَ
[51:45]
So they were not able to rise up, nor could they defend themselves-
Then they could not even stand (on their feet), nor could they help themselves.
And they were unable to rise up, nor could they help themselves.
وَقَوْمَ نُوحٍ مِّن قَبْلُ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا قَوْمًا فَاسِقِينَ
[51:46]
And the people of Nuh before, surely they were a transgressing people.
So were the People of Noah before them for they wickedly transgressed.
And the folk of Noah aforetime. Lo! they were licentious folk.
وَالسَّمَاء بَنَيْنَاهَا بِأَيْدٍ وَإِنَّا لَمُوسِعُونَ
[51:47]
And the heaven, We raised it high with power, and most surely We are the makers of things ample.
With power and skill did We construct the Firmament: for it is We Who create the vastness of pace.
We have built the heaven with might, and We it is Who make the vast extent (thereof).
وَالْأَرْضَ فَرَشْنَاهَا فَنِعْمَ الْمَاهِدُونَ
[51:48]
And the earth, We have made it a wide extent; how well have We then spread (it) out.
And We have spread out the (spacious) earth: How excellently We do spread out!
And the earth have We laid out, how gracious is the Spreader (thereof)!
وَمِن كُلِّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقْنَا زَوْجَيْنِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ
[51:49]
And of everything We have created pairs that you may be mindful.
And of every thing We have created pairs: That ye may receive instruction.
And all things We have created by pairs, that haply ye may reflect.
فَفِرُّوا إِلَى اللَّهِ إِنِّي لَكُم مِّنْهُ نَذِيرٌ مُّبِينٌ
[51:50]
Therefore fly to Allah, surely I am a plain warner to you from Him.
Hasten ye then (at once) to Allah: I am from Him a Warner to you, clear and open!
Therefor flee unto Allah; lo! I am a plain warner unto you from him.
وَلَا تَجْعَلُوا مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَهًا آخَرَ إِنِّي لَكُم مِّنْهُ نَذِيرٌ مُّبِينٌ
[51:51]
And do not set up with Allah another god: surely I am a plain warner to you from Him.
And make not another an object of worship with Allah: I am from Him a Warner to you, clear and open!
And set not any other god along with Allah; lo! I am a plain warner unto you from Him.
كَذَلِكَ مَا أَتَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِم مِّن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا قَالُوا سَاحِرٌ أَوْ مَجْنُونٌ
[51:52]
Thus there did not come to those before them a messenger but they said: A magician or a mad man.
Similarly, no messenger came to the Peoples before them, but they said (of him) in like manner, "A sorcerer, or one possessed"!
Even so there came no messenger unto those before them but they said: A wizard or a madman!
أَتَوَاصَوْا بِهِ بَلْ هُمْ قَوْمٌ طَاغُونَ
[51:53]
Have they charged each other with this? Nay! they are an inordinate people.
Is this the legacy they have transmitted, one to another? Nay, they are themselves a people transgressing beyond bounds!
Have they handed down (the saying) as an heirloom one unto another? Nay, but they are froward folk.
فَتَوَلَّ عَنْهُمْ فَمَا أَنتَ بِمَلُومٍ
[51:54]
Then turn your back upon them for you are not to blame;
So turn away from them: not thine is the blame.
So withdraw from them (O Muhammad), for thou art in no wise blameworthy,
وَذَكِّرْ فَإِنَّ الذِّكْرَى تَنفَعُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
[51:55]
And continue to remind, for surely the reminder profits the believers.
But teach (thy Message) for teaching benefits the Believers.
And warn, for warning profiteth believers.
وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ
[51:56]
And I have not created the jinn and the men except that they should serve Me.
I have only created Jinns and men, that they may serve Me.
I created the jinn and humankind only that they might worship Me.
مَا أُرِيدُ مِنْهُم مِّن رِّزْقٍ وَمَا أُرِيدُ أَن يُطْعِمُونِ
[51:57]
I do not desire from them any sustenance and I do not desire that they should feed Me.
No Sustenance do I require of them, nor do I require that they should feed Me.
I seek no livelihood from them, nor do I ask that they should feed Me.
إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الرَّزَّاقُ ذُو الْقُوَّةِ الْمَتِينُ
[51:58]
Surely Allah is the Bestower of sustenance, the Lord of Power, the Strong.
For Allah is He Who gives (all) Sustenance,- Lord of Power,- Steadfast (for ever).
Lo! Allah! He it is that giveth livelihood, the Lord of unbreakable might.
فَإِنَّ لِلَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا ذَنُوبًا مِّثْلَ ذَنُوبِ أَصْحَابِهِمْ فَلَا يَسْتَعْجِلُونِ
[51:59]
So surely those who are unjust shall have a portion like the portion of their companions, therefore let them not ask Me to hasten on.
For the Wrong-doers, their portion is like unto the portion of their fellows (of earlier generations): then let them not ask Me to hasten (that portion)!
And lo! for those who (now) do wrong there is an evil day like unto the evil day (which came for) their likes (of old); so let them not ask Me to hasten on (that day).
فَوَيْلٌ لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِن يَوْمِهِمُ الَّذِي يُوعَدُونَ
[51:60]
Therefore woe to those who disbelieve because of their day which they are threatened with.
Woe, then, to the Unbelievers, on account of that Day of theirs which they have been promised!
And woe unto those who disbelieve, from (that) their day which they are promised.